Kaliningrad is a large city in Russia with a population of about 500,000 people located at the mouth of the Pregel River off the Baltic Sea. Originally Kaliningrad was named Königsberg, which translated from German means “Kings Mountain”. The city was founded in 1255 and was part of the German kingdom of Prussia and remained under German rule until the end of 1945.
Most of the city was destroyed in World War II when the Soviet Army then took control, rebuilt the city and renamed it Kaliningrad. One iconic building in Kaliningrad is King’s Gate that was originally one of six gates that were built in the early 19th century. King’s Gate remains as an important monument to the Russian war victory.
Kaliningrad has three great historical museums of importance. The Kaliningrad Amber Museum displays amber fossil artworks; the Museum of the World’s Oceans features maritime artefacts and the Immanuel Kant Museum off Kneiphof Island is dedicated to scientific history.
A popular and religious tourist attraction is the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour. The cathedral is built in Russian Orthodox architecture and is the largest church in Kaliningrad.
For musical entertainment the former Church of the Holy Family is today the headquarters of the Kaliningrad Philharmonic Orchestra. The Church originally belonged to the Catholics however, noted for its acoustic qualities it is now the stage of great performances. Other great theatres include the City Theatre and the Kaliningrad Puppet Theatre.
Lovers of fine food will also appreciate Kaliningrad for it’s authentic cuisine. The city is home to several of its own beer and vodka brands and a specialty local dish is the Königsberg Klopse that is a meatball dish in white sauce with capers. The Königsberg Klopse dish originates from Kaliningrad and has become so world famous it is now served in most European countries.
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